- Ottawa, March 14/17 Malala Yousafzi's speech to Canada's Parliament wasn't just moving; it was also funny
- International Criminal Court provides redress for victims of violations of their human rights
- Small Farmers Aided by Back Yard Communities project in Mozambique
- UN's International Fund for Agricultural Development active in Cambodia
- UNESCO Leadership Training is designed by Earth Charter International
- Climate Change resistance linked to food security in rural areas
- Up to 24 million small farmers helped to access water for their crops in Indonesia
- Owls Build Bridges to Peace
- Turning Ashes into Accommodations
- The link between agriculture and peace
Download issue #49 here (pdf)
http://ipolitics.ca/2017/03/30/is-a-world-without-nuclear-weapons-possible Thursday, March 30th, 2017
This week, the United Nations began negotiations to create “a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination.” The goal, in other words, is to make the possession of nuclear weapons illegal.
These negotiations are the culmination of lengthy and energetic efforts by the international nuclear disarmament community, including in Canada, to rid the world of nuclear weapons once and for all. The belief is that making nuclear weapons illegal could contribute to their eventual demise. The negotiations are born of frustration — of a sense that nuclear states have done little to live up to their legal commitments to get rid of these weapons.
Artistes pour la Paix et Pugwash Canada (document de Pierre Jasmin) 2017-03-23
Peace, still a Canadian value?
Canada has gained respect throughout the world for choosing to work for the common good and real democracy, rather than follow the paths of militarism, colonialism and corporate domination. For example:
- The 1957 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Lester B. Pearson’s vision of the UN blue helmets;
- 1957, also: The first meeting of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs hosted in Nova Scotia by Canadian millionnaire Cyrus Eaton; Pugwash and Rotblat will receive the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts against global nuclear arms’ threat;
- 1961: Foundation by the Alcocks of the Canadian Peace Research Institute – CPRI;
- 1963: John Diefenbaker’s opposition to Canada’s acquisition of nuclear weapons;
Toronto Star article by John Polanyi, 20 March 2017
At the dawn of the nuclear age, its principal architect, Robert Oppenheimer, spoke of a stable standoff between nuclear powers. They would be held back from attacking one another by mutual fear, instead circling endlessly “like a pair of scorpions trapped in a bottle.”
Subsequently, political scientist Albert Wohlstetter pointed out that this stability would be lost if a situation arose in which advantage accrued to the first to attack. Then deterrence would at best be “a delicate balance of terror.”
Unknown to most, the balance is today at its most delicate. President Trump has inherited from previous administrations a balance of power tilted so far in favour of the U.S. that it might be advised at some awful moment of crisis to resort to a “first strike.”
Maintaining peace between the superpowers under these conditions will demand the highest level of skill and restraint from the two leaders. The auguries for this are not promising, since the delicacy of the balance has been hidden from public view.