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For more than 50 years the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs have been working for the control, reduction, and eventual elimination of nuclear weapons.

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Nuclear disarmament has always been of central importance to Pugwash. But also - Non-Nuclear Threats to Peace and Security, Institutions for a New World Order, Conflict Resolution, Environment and Global Security, Health, Social and Economic Issues.

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The Russell-Einstein Manifesto of 1955 was a major step in the nuclear disarmament campaign by prominent members of the scientific community.

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In recognition of all its efforts Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, together with President Joseph Rotblat, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.

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CPG: A proud tradition started by the 22 eminent scientists, the founding group of Pugwash, who gathered at Thinkers' Lodge in 1957, to discuss the path to nuclear disarmament.

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CPG's focus - World peace and promotion of change to advance the cause of peace. Best known for its work on nuclear disarmament, our concern - all causes of global insecurity.

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Canadian Pugwash is part of the wider international Pugwash movement. Visit the Pugwash International website.

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940+ Recipients of the Order of Canada Call for a Nuclear Weapons Convention. Visit www.nuclearweaponsconvention.ca

Welcome to Canadian Pugwash Group

Education on global security, in a broad sense, is the mandate of Canadian Pugwash, carried out by sponsoring meetings, workshops and roundtables to foster informed discussion of experts, for the purpose of providing information which can be useful in the formation of government policy.
Report on Disarmament Education submitted by
the Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (CNANW)

We are a network of sixteen Canadian peace groups each one of which has a strong emphasis on work toward nuclear disarmament. This is a brief account of:

A) CNANW Events & Initiatives over the past two years.

B) our information on the work of the Government of Canada in Disarmament Education


You will find in annexes:
  • 0- An Artists for Peace twelve-page report to the UN summarizing two years of disarmament education (sensibilisation would be a more precise description) by our group in Québec (all our documents are in French). Read [doc].
  • 1- Our 1st of May speech in Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Le Canada à deux jours du TNP (New York, UN). Read [doc].
  • 2- Our 8th of April letter concerning START. Read [doc].
  • 3- The call by 509 members of the Order of Canada. Read [doc].
  • 4- The call by 108 university professors In the hope that it might inspire other actions, Pierre Jasmin president of Artists for Peace, Canada (www.artistespourlapaix.org ) member of Pugwash member of the steering committee for CNANW PS We are fully in support of the following CNANW report. Read [doc].

 

A) CNANW EVENTS & INITIATIVES

EVENTS

1.   An Ambassadors Panel was organized and hosted on October 16th in Ottawa  to enable a discussion of what their respective countries were doing within NATO to comply with the Article VI NPT obligation.  Participants on our panel were:

Chairperson: Ernie Regehr O.C.
Panel participants:
Amb. Knut Langeland, Ambassador for Disarmament Affairs,  Norway
Amb. Matthias Hopfner, Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany,
Ottawa
Ambassador Wim Geerts , Royal Netherlands Embassy, Ottawa   Mr. Colin Smith, Head of the Foreign Policy Team, British High
Commission, Ottawa
(Belgium has sent regrets.)

 

2. Meetings of Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons were held in October 2008 and on January 27th, 2010 to discuss disarmament strategies with respect to the ongoing NATO Review, upcoming NPT Review Conference and upcoming G8.

3.  A
Conference on "Practical Steps to Zero Nuclear Weapons' was held on January 25th and 26th as we had recognized that the Canadian government would be participating in three important events in the next few months:

1)  the ongoing review of NATO's Strategic Concept,

2)  the May 3 - 28 NPT Review Conference, and
3) the June G-8 Summit.

So this conference was organized to enable discussion of a series of recommendations to the Government of Canada for practical steps they could take to make progress at these upcoming meetings.   We circulated in advance a briefing paper written by Douglas Roche O.C., Chairperson Emeritus of Middle Powers Initiative and Ernie Regehr, O.C., Senior Political Adviser, Project Ploughshares.  That paper provided an update on the recent actions and statements that were serving to build momentum toward nuclear disarmament and the opportunities open to the Government of Canada to take positive steps to support that momentum.We were pleased to have to as participants:


Dr. Eliot Kang, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State responsible for Non-Proliferation in the U.S. State Department as well as two from his Department,
Mr. Ted Whiteside, Secretary, North Atlantic Council
Mr. Randy Rydell, U.N. Office of Disarmament Affairs
Dr. John Burroughs, Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy
Mr. Alyn Ware, Global Coordinator, Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament
Daryl Kimball, Arms Control Association (U.S.)

together with Canadian experts including the Hon. Douglas Roche O.C., former Amb. for Dis't. Christopher Westdal, Mr. Ernie Regehr O.C., Prof. Erika Simpson, Ms. Alexa McDonough O.C. and Dr. Walter Dorn.


We were supported by both the Department of Foreign Affairs and National Defence through their sending a significant number of officials to the event. Financial support came in the sum of $2000. from DND.   NGO representatives from roughly 15 different groups attended as did nine university students.

The Final Report has been widely circulated and endorsed by 28 Canadian groups, then forwarded to officials in relevant positions, key parliamentarians and among the NGO community.

4.  A Student Workshop was held on January 25th, 2010 to brief university students on the issues that were anticipated to arise at the Conference. This was organized by Prof. Erika Simpson, and graduate students Cameron Harrington and Justin Burrows, all of University of Western Ontario.

5.  A Public Lecture by Amb. Henrik Salander was scheduled for January 25th, 2010. Upon his becoming unable to attend, the lecture was offered by  Mr. Alyn Ware, Global Coordinator, Parliamentarians Network for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament (PNND).

6.  A Public Lecture by Dr. John Burroughs of Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy on January 25th, 2010 at Carleton University on "Prospects for Nuclear Disarmament: From the Security Council Summit to the NPT Review".

7.  A Media Conference was held on January 27th to release the major recommendations arising from the Conference.  The media panel was Douglas Roche, O.C., Alexa McDonough O.C., and Pierre Jasmin.  This was organized by the Rideau Institute.

 

DISARMAMENT EDUCATION INITIATIVES

1.  A petition was circulated and presented in the House of Commons in the spring of 2009 in Canada the main call within which read as follows:

We, the undersigned, residents of Canada, call upon the Government of Canada to press publicly for an urgent review of NATO’s nuclear weapons policies, to ensure that all NATO states fulfill their international obligations under the NPT to:
a) negotiate and conclude an agreement for the elimination of nuclear weapons and 
b) eliminate reliance on nuclear weapons within NATO’s Strategic Concept.

 

2.  A letterwriting campaign was organized  in September 2009 to respond to the comments by the Government of Canada on the cal by over 300 Order of Canada Recipients for a Nuclear Weapons Convention.  The Government is quoted as having stated that "Until other treaties are in place to end the capacity of states to develop and produce nuclear weapons, it would be premature to launch NWC negotiations".

3.  Mayors for Peace - Through our collective efforts over the last few years, there are now nearly 80 Canadian Mayors who have joined this initiative.

4. Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament has been joined by  63 Canadian parliamentarians.

5. NonProliferation Treaty Review Conference - A number of representatives from our member groups were able to attend a portion of this meeting.

6.  An Abolition Listserve has been organized and is administered by Project Ploughshares to enable rapid sharing of educational and news articles as well as requests for collective action.

 

B.  The Government of Canada and the Expert Group's Disarmament Education Recommendations

We can only offer a very limited comment on the Government of Canada's activities for we may  not be privy to all their activities.  Given that caveat, here are our comments on some of the Disarmament Education study's recommendations for governmental action:

Recommendation 1.

Member States are encouraged to accord importance to disarmament and non-proliferation education and training in their programmes and policies, consistent with their national legislation and practices, taking into account present and future trends. They are also encouraged to use, designate or establish public advisory bodies, where appropriate, whose responsibilities include advising on disarmament and non-proliferation education and training practices. Member States are encouraged to share their experience in disarmament and non-proliferation education and training with other Member States, international organizations, civil society and the Department for Disarmament Affairs.

 

Comment: The Government of Canada assumes the costs of a consultation among officials and winners of The Simons Foundation Graduate Research Awards.  Otherwise, we are unaware of any funding from the Government of Canada in the last two years to support disarmament and non-proliferation education. We are unaware of any public advisory board for this type of education and training.

Recommendation 8.

Member States are encouraged to include parliamentarians and/or non-governmental advisers in delegations to United Nations disarmament related meetings, taking into account national legislation and practices.

 

Comment: We are advised by one of the Foreign Affairs Critics that he was not invited to join the 2009 NPT Prep Com delegation or the 2010  NPT Review Conference delegation.  NGOs have not been invited to serve on either delegation.

Recommendation 13.

Member States, in cooperation with the United Nations and relevant international organizations, are encouraged to sponsor training, fellowships, and awareness programmes, on as wide a geographical basis as possible, for researchers, engineers, scientists and other academics in areas of particular relevance, but not limited to treaties and agreements on weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery. They are also encouraged to give special emphasis to training customs, licensing and law enforcement officers for the purpose of fulfilling international obligations of Member States in the disarmament and non-proliferation fields.

 

Comment: We are unaware of any such programmes being sponsored by the Government of Canada.

Recommendation 20.

The United Nations, relevant international organizations, Member States, and corporate and private donors are encouraged to provide assistance, including funds, educational material and equipment to NGOs in different regions of the world and to universities to establish or expand their disarmament and non-proliferation libraries with free and open public access to their resources. Member States should be encouraged to fund research institutes that focus on disarmament and non-proliferation and offer scholarships for advanced university students to carry out research on disarmament and non-proliferation and its pedagogy......

 

Comment: We are not aware of any funding available from the Government of Canada for Disarmament Education.

Recommendation 31. Member States are encouraged to designate a focal point for disarmament and non-proliferation education and training and to inform the Department for Disarmament Affairs on steps taken to implement the recommendations contained in the present report.

Comment: We are not aware of any such designation having been made.

Recommendation 33. Member States and the Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs are encouraged to include in their remarks to the First Committee of the General Assembly information on the results of the implementation of the recommendations in this study.

Comment: As best as we can determine, the Government of Canada has not used the word 'education" in any statement made to the First Committee in 2008 and 2009.


Respectfully submitted,

Beverley J. T. Delong

Chairperson

Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons