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The Russell-Einstein Manifesto of 1955 was a major step in the nuclear disarmament campaign by prominent members of the scientific community.

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CPG's focus - World peace and promotion of change to advance the cause of peace. Best known for its work on nuclear disarmament, our concern - all causes of global insecurity.

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In recognition of all its efforts Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, together with President Joseph Rotblat, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.

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Canadian Pugwash is part of the wider international Pugwash movement. Visit the Pugwash International website.

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For more than 50 years the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs have been working for the control, reduction, and eventual elimination of nuclear weapons.

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940+ Recipients of the Order of Canada Call for a Nuclear Weapons Convention. Visit www.nuclearweaponsconvention.ca

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CPG: A proud tradition started by the 22 eminent scientists, the founding group of Pugwash, who gathered at Thinkers' Lodge in 1957, to discuss the path to nuclear disarmament.

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Nuclear disarmament has always been of central importance to Pugwash. But also - Non-Nuclear Threats to Peace and Security, Institutions for a New World Order, Conflict Resolution, Environment and Global Security, Health, Social and Economic Issues.

Welcome to Canadian Pugwash Group

Education on global security, in a broad sense, is the mandate of Canadian Pugwash, carried out by sponsoring meetings, workshops and roundtables to foster informed discussion of experts, for the purpose of providing information which can be useful in the formation of government policy.

Reports and Analysis

Hiroshima Declaration of the Pugwash Council
The 55th Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs
27 July 2005, Hiroshima, Japan [html] [pdf]

 

The Russell-Einstein Manifesto on Abolishing War: 50 Years Later
Press release from the Canadian Pugwash Group
9 July 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

Soft Power: The United Nations at Sixty
Newton Bowles [html] [pdf]
Prepared for the Academic Council on the United Nations System Meeting in Ottawa, 16-18 June 2005

 

Deadly Deadlock
A political analysis by Hon. Douglas Roche, O. C. on the Failure of the Seventh Review Conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty
8 June 2005         [To view press release, click here]         [To view full analysis, click here]

 

Report on Government Civil Society Consultations on International Security, Nuclear Weapons

and other WMD and their Delivery Systems
Bev Delong, with assistance from Robin Collins, Erika Simpson and Patti Willis
March 8-9, 2005 - Ottawa, Ontario

[html] [pdf]

 

Electrical Energy Consumption: The Human Side of the Problem
A Brief to the Parliamentary Committee, Queen's Park, Toronto, Government of Ontario
Derek Paul, Professor Emeritus of Physics, University of Toronto
24 August 2004 [html] [pdf]

 

Re-nuclearization or Disarmament: A Fateful Choice for Humanity
Political Analysis of the Third Preparatory Committee Meeting for the 2005 Review Conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty
Senator Douglas Roche, O.C., Chairman, Middle Powers Initiative
May 2004 [html] [pdf]

 

Building Bridges: The Non-Proliferation Treaty and Canada's Nuclear Weapons Policies
A Policy Paper for the Government of Canada

March 2004
English version: [html] [pdf]
French version: [html] [pdf]

Response from the Office of the Prime Minister - April 6, 2004 [html] [pdf]

 

Ritualistic Façade: Report and Assessment of Non-Proliferation Treaty Preparatory Committee Meeting

Geneva, April 28 - May 9, 2003

Senator Douglas Roche, O.C., Chairman, Middle Powers Initiative

May 2003 [pdf]

 

The NPT Showdown:  United David VS. Divided Goliath

Senator Douglas Roche, O.C., Chairman, Middle Powers Initiative

Notes on the Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference, United Nations

April 27, 2000 [html] [pdf]

 

Sen. Roche was a speaker in the session, giving an overview of the NPT process, a history of the Treaty, and an introduction to issues being debated at the review conference. The conference was opened by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan.

 

Canada's Voting Record at UN on Nuclear Weapons Issues

Analysis by Senator Douglas Roche

January 31, 2000 [html] [pdf]

 

The Dangerous Militias in East Timor
Dr. Walter Dorn, Secretary, Canadian Pugwash Executive has been in East Timor for several months, serving with UNAMET, and reports on his personal experiences

August 26, 1999 [html] [pdf]

 

Correspondence

 

A Letter to Prime Minister Tony Blair
22 December 2006
"As members of Canadian Pugwash, we urge you to reconsider the proposed replacement of the Trident nuclear weapon system..."

View letter [pdf]

View reply letter from High Commissioner to Canada Julian Evans [pdf]

 

Senate Defence Committee Wrong on Missile Defence
A Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper
View letter [pdf]

View enclosure: "Why Canada should not join in the U.S. ballistic missile defence (BMD) scheme" [pdf]

 

The Middle East Conflict

Letter to Prime Minister Stephen Harper regarding The Middle East Conflict - 24 July 2006 [pdf]
Statement of the Pugwash Council on The Middle East Conflict - 21 July 2006 [pdf]

 

Energy Consultation - Government of Ontario
Communication by Phyllis Creighton [html] [pdf]
Toronto, Ontario, 13 February 2006

 

Letter to Prime Minister Paul Martin
by Prof. Georges Lebel
9 December 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

In the UN General Assembly, Canada was one of the five members (also USA, Israel, Nauru and Tuvalu) to vote (the last week of November), against the UN actions in Palestine. This letter to Prime Minister Paul Martin from CPG member Prof. Georges Lebel, about the Prime Minister's comments on Israel, was also sent to newspapers, but was not published.

 

ElBaradei, IAEA share Nobel Peace Prize
by Paul Koring
Globe and Mail, 8 October 2005 [html] [pdf]

Canadian Pugwash Group Chairperson Adele Buckley quoted in article on Mohammed ElBaradei, winner of 2005 Nobel Peace Prize

 

Of Bombs, Frogs, and Heroes
by Metta Spencer
7 August 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

Letter to Prime Minister Paul Martin regarding the Hiroshima Declaration of the Pugwash Council
31 July 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

G8 Summit 2005 - Intervention by the Canadian Pugwash Group
Gleneagles, Scotland
24 June 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

Interview with Douglas Roche regarding the Seventh Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
News in Review No. 8 (a daily NGO newsletter from the NPT Review Conference)
11 May 2005
[html] [pdf]                           To view the complete News in Review, click here

 

Cautious Pessimism
Stephen Clarkson [html] [pdf]

Letter to the Editor - Globe & Mail, 23 March 2005

 

Praiseworthy decision
John Polanyi [html] [pdf]

Letter to the Editor - Globe & Mail, 2 March 2005

 

Einstein activist for world peace
Adele Buckley [html] [pdf]

Letter to the Editor - Toronto Star, 13 January 2005

 

Revisiting the Great Debate
Erika Simpson [html] [pdf]

Editorial - London Free Press, 29 December 2004

 

The missile gift
John Polanyi [html] [pdf]
Letter to the Editor - Globe and Mail, 24 December 2004

 

Poor Defence

John Polanyi [html] [pdf]
Letter to the Editor - Globe and Mail, 3 May 2004

 

Letter to Prime Minister Martin

Maynard Gertler, C.M.

December 2003 [html] [pdf]

 

Another Perspective on BMD - Lessons of Bomarc 
Letter to Ministers Graham and Pratt from Dr. Adele Buckley, Chair, Canadian Pugwash Group
June 4, 2004 [html] [pdf]

 

Are aircraft at risk of being struck by U.S. interceptors?

Open Letter to Canadian Ministers

April 26, 2004 [html] [pdf]

 

Canadian Pugwash Group letter to The Honourable David Pratt, Minister of National Defence

January 2004 [pdf]

 

Toronto Star - Letter to the Editor by Joanna Santa Barbara [pdf]

 

Open letter from Senator Douglas Roche, O.C. to The Rt. Hon. Paul Martin, Prime Minister of Canada

Senator Roche urges caution in Canada's approach to the proposed U.S. ballistic missile defence program 

December 2003 [pdf]

 

Open letter from Senator Douglas Roche, O.C. to The Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister of Canada

Senator Roche urges caution in Canada's approach to the proposed U.S. ballistic missile defence program 

May 2003 [pdf]

 

"The Only Absolute Guarantee" - A Brief on Canada's Nuclear Weapons Policies

Submission to The Hon. Bill Graham, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade

April 2003 [pdf]

 

The Pugwash submission provides a clear history of the abandonment of the 1995 promises given during the NPT discussions and analysis of the current (unlawful) US policy regarding nuclear weapons. It calls for:

 

a) a regenerated Canadian policy centred on the NPT 2000 promise of the total elimination of nuclear weapons;

 

b) advancement of the request of U.N. Secretary-General Annan's to the international community to hold an international conference on nuclear dangers (possibly holding it within Canada). The object would be not just to talk about the dangers, but to take action. The policy contradictions now are no longer tolerable in a world of escalating nuclear danger. U.S. policies, which dominate the NATO position on nuclear weapons, must be clarified; and

 

c) Canada to serve as a bridge between the New Agenda Coalition and NATO to close the gap between the two on nuclear disarmament.

 

Canada, NATO and Nuclear Weapons

Letter report to The Hon. John Manley, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade and The Hon. Art Eggleton, Minister of National Defence.

March 17, 2001 [html] [pdf]

 

Letter from Hon. Lloyd Axworthy, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to Senator Douglas Roche, Canadian Pugwash and Professor Mel Watkins, Science for Peace

Response to the letter to Prime Minister Chrétien concerning the joint seminar The NPT, NATO and Canada: The Future of Nuclear Weapons

June 9, 2000 [html] [pdf]
 

Letter from The Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister of Canada, to Senator Douglas Roche and Dr. William Epstein
Response to the letter of May 10, 2000 expressing concern regarding the US NMD system, noting that "Canada has not taken a position on National Missile Defence."

May 31, 2000

[html] [pdf]

 

Return correspondence to Canadian Pugwash from the Hon. Lloyd Axworthy, Minister of Foreign Affairs
An expression of appreciation for "the support of such a well-known and respected organization in the arms control field."

May 19, 2000 [html] [pdf]

 

The NPT, NATO and Canada: The Future of Nuclear Weapons

"Canada's Role in the Non Proliferation Review and the NATO Review of Nuclear Weapons"

Annual Joint Seminar - Canadian Pugwash Group and Science for Peace

March 18, 2000

 

Following the seminar, a letter was sent to the Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister of Canada. It was prepared by the rapporteur, Dr. Walter Dorn, and was reviewed by the seminar co-chairs, Senator Douglas Roche and Prof. Mel Watkins. A copy of the letter was also sent to the Hon. Lloyd Axworthy, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, the Hon. Art Eggleton, Minister of National Defence and Mr. Bill Graham, Chair of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (SCFAIT).

 

The letter, dated March 22, 2000 can be viewed here: [html] [pdf]

 

Submission by the Canadian Pugwash Group  to the International Joint Commission on Bulk Removal of Water from the Great Lakes
Statement prepared by Dr. Adele Buckley and forwarded to the International Joint Commission  with a covering letter by Senator Douglas Roche stating that the Annual General Meeting of Canadian Pugwash "agrees with the recommendations of the IJC interim report, and it is our view that the issues touched on in our comments will add a worthwhile perspective to your deliberations."

November 17, 1999 [html] [pdf]

 

Canadian Pugwash Statement to Government of Canada
The Canadian Pugwash Group expresses appreciation to the Government of Canada for its leadership in advancing the nuclear disarmament agenda and calls first for the Government of Canada to be now seized of a new sense of urgent action. Two steps that should immediately

 

Speeches and Addresses

 

A Leadership Role for Canada
A presentation to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development (FAAE)
by Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C. Chairman, Middle Powers Initiative and Past Chairman, Canadian Pugwash Group
31 May, 2007  [pdf]

 

Peace's New Century
Speech at the opening ceremonies of the exhibition, Gendai Gallery, Japanese Cultural Centre, Toronto, 10 May 2007, by Dr. Adele Buckley, Chair of the Board of Directors, Canadian Pugwash Group. View speech: [html] [pdf]


"Peace's New Century" Project is a computer collage collaboration between San Francisco-based painter Betsie Miller-Kusz and Hiroshima-based photographer and contemporary artist Masaru Tanaka. The artists felt a responsibility to work together on a creative collaboration of peace because of their fathers' personal experiences of the war. View press release from the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre [pdf]

 

Canadian Pugwash Group Members Recognized in Senate of Canada

The work of Canadian Pugwash Group was recognized in a recent Senate debate concerning nuclear disarmament.

 

Motion Urging Government to Take Leading Role in Reinvigorating Nuclear Disarmament
Excerpts from Debates of the Senate of Canada, April 17 and 24, 2007 [pdf]

Letter to Senators Dallaire and Murray from Adele Buckley, Chair, Canadian Pugwash Group [pdf]
Letter to Senator Dallaire from Pierre Jasmin, President, Les Artistes pour la Paix [pdf]

 

Afghanistan and UN Peacekeeping
Canadian Pugwash Group Vice Chair, Dr. Walter Dorn, recently testified in the House of Commons on the topic "Afghanistan and UN Peacekeeping." He appeared on 22 March 2006, in a personal capacity, before the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development along with Dr. Douglas Bland of Queen's University.

 

The testimony and the ensuing debate (especially between the witnesses) can be found here: [html] [pdf]

 

Key States Reaffirm Ridding the World of Nuclear Weapons
Statement by the Middle Powers Initiative on the 2nd meeting of the NPT Article VI Forum [html] [pdf]
Led by Sen. Douglas Roche, O.C., Chairman, Middle Powers Initiative and Past Chairman, Canadian Pugwash Group

 

The Rotblat Legacy: Interlocking Strategies for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World
by Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C.
10 December 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

Tribute to Sir Joseph Rotblat on behalf of the Canadian Pugwash Group
by Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C.
London Memorial Service, 9 December 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

A Nuclear Weapons Free Future: A New Basis of Hope
Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C.
Address to British Pugwash Group, London, February 24, 2005
[html] [pdf]

 

Will UN Hope Survive?
Newton Bowles
Address to Faculty Peace Seminar, Columbia University, November 30, 2004
[html] [pdf]

 

The Language of Leadership
Remarks delivered by Patrick Boyer [html] [pdf]
International Assembly on Managing the Psychology of Fear and Terror
Presentation to the United States National Press Club, 10 September 2004

 

Energy Choices and Vulnerability of Nations
Helmut Burkhardt, Adjunct Professor of Physics, Ryerson University
Presentation at the 5th International Conference on a World Energy System Oradea, Romania, May 16-19, 2004
[html] [pdf]

 

The Role of the United States in Nuclear Disarmament 

Address to the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation Symposium: "Charting a New Course for U.S. Nuclear Policy", Santa Barbara, California

Senator Douglas Roche, O.C.

May 13, 2004 [html] [pdf]

 

Excerpts of Debates of the Senate - March 9, 2004

United States Missile Defence System - Motion Recommending Non-Participation-Debate Adjourned

Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C. [html] [pdf]

 

Statement of Appeal to Corporations to Support Eliminating Weapons of Mass Destruction

Canadian Pugwash Group Corporate Outreach Committee

by Lynn Trainor, Professor of Physics Emeritus, University of Toronto

September 25, 2001 [html] [pdf]

 

Terrorist Attack on the Global Civic Community

Speech by Dr. Rosalie Bertell in accepting the International Peace Bureau's Sean MacBride Award

September 22, 2001 [html] [pdf]

 

Excerpt from the Debates of the Senate of Canada

Address by Senator Douglas Roche, O.C. in response to the Motion presented by the Government Leader in the Senate

September 18, 2001 [html] [pdf]

 

What is Peace?

by Major-General (Ret) Leonard V. Johnson

A homily on Chapter 12:49-53, of the Gospel According to St Luke in the Christian Bible, delivered at St Paul’s Anglican Church in Westport, Ontario, Canada

August 19, 2001 [html] [pdf]

 

National Missile Defence (NMD)

a perspective by Major-General (Ret) Leonard V. Johnson

April 15, 2001 [html] [pdf]

 

Excerpt from Debates of the Senate of Canada
Speech by Senator Douglas Roche on the U.S. National Defence System (NMD)

May 9, 2000 [html] [pdf]

 

Motion to De-Alert Nuclear Weapons
Sen. Douglas Roche, Chair, Canadian Pugwash introduced a Motion in the Senate of Canada called on the Government to urge all nuclear powers to de-alert their nuclear weapons as soon as possible. He has also noted growing concern that the Y2K problem could infect command, control, communication and intelligence systems of nuclear forces.

September 7, 1999 [html] [pdf]

 

Overlap of interest between the concerns of Canadian Pugwash and the inquiry of the House of Commons’ Standing Committee on Nuclear Challenge.
The statement of Senator Douglas Roche is first, followed by the committee’s 15 recommendations, which are reproduced in full.

December 10, 1998 [html] [pdf]

 

Other

 

Opium and Afghanistan: New Solution to an Old Problem
An essay by Eli Lipetz [pdf]
Eli Lipetz was Canada's student representative to the International Pugwash Conference in Cairo, Egypt, November 11-15, 2006.

 

Joseph Rotblat: From Los Alamos to Pugwash
by Mel Watkins
9 December 2005 [html] [pdf]

 

Fiftieth Anniversary of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto
Metta Spencer [html] [pdf]
9 July 2005